Category Archives: Holiday Celebrations

Looking for Love? Wear Red on Valentines Day!


This time of year, both fans of Valentine’s Day and V-day haters are bound to have a few things on the brain.   One major association we have with the holiday is love and attraction.  Another big one is the color red, with decorative hearts, cards, clothing and candy bombarding the senses in stores across the country.  But it turns out that attraction and the color red have more in common than just Valentine’s Day; in fact, the color red may be the key to your loved one’s heart.

Simply wearing red elicits higher ratings of attractiveness, both when men rate women (Elliot, 2008) and when women rate men (Elliot, 2010).  In both studies, ratings were contrasted for pictures of people wearing red versus other colors, such as gray, blue and green, and seeing red consistently led to enhanced attractiveness ratings.  This effect is not just a cultural phenomenon; the finding was replicated when Chinese participants performed the same experiment.  The participants were also unaware that the color had an effect on their judgments, so it can’t be explained by a general preference for the color red.  So what is the source of red’s seductive powers?

Some psychologists suspect that humans place a high value on the color red for evolutionary reasons.  For many non-human species, red is a signal of physical fitness that can help attract mates, as is the case for male gelada baboons and frigatebirds, who advertise an enlarged red sac that is remarkably similar to a heart-shaped balloon:
Thus, our preference for seeing red on the opposite sex could stem from a primitive mechanism that evolved to increase mating behavior.

Alternatively, we may be attracted to people wearing red because of learned associations. For instance, in Western culture, people learn to associate red with a diverse range of concepts, from positive (romance, fast cars) to negative (red marks on failed assignments) to dangerous things (blood, fire alarms).  The story gets even more complicated when you consider what other cultures associate with red; in Eastern cultures, for example, red is considered lucky and is associated with weddings in China.  But Elliot and colleagues emphasize that context plays an important role in how red affects our perception and behavior at any given moment.  So the color red carries a different meaning when we encounter a stop sign versus a potential date.

In a recent study, Elliot and colleagues (2010) tested the theory that status may be an especially important cross-culture symbol associated with red, the color of choice for both classical Roman power players and contemporary politicians.  Specifically, the authors reasoned that women may be more attracted to men wearing red because red is a marker of high rank.  In two separate experiments, they showed first that women rated men wearing red as having higher status than men wearing gray or blue.  Second, women rated images of high-status men (as described by the experimenters) as more sexually attractive than low-status men.  Taken together, the authors claim that women prefer men who wear red because it signals high status, a quality that leads to attraction.

While this theory could explain why women prefer men wearing red, it doesn’t explain why men also prefer women in red.  Although this is an empirical question, a woman’s status isn’t exactly the first factor that comes to mind when determining her level of attractiveness.  To reconcile this issue, Elliot and colleagues suggest that men and women may both be attracted to the color red, but for different reasons.

However, another problem with the status theory is that it conflates status and confidence.  It’s possible that what both men and women are responding to when they see the opposite gender in red is a sense of confidence–after all, it takes guts to wear such a bold color.  Wearing red is a way of saying, “I’m an awesome person, and I’m not afraid to show it!”  Confidence and status are often correlated, so maybe the women in these studies were basing their judgments of attraction on how confident the men seemed, with men in red appearing more confident than those wearing more subdued colors like blue and gray.  In the end, no matter what color you’re wearing, confidence is always sexy–wearing red may just help you express that confidence.

Valentines Day Fashion

Valentine’s Day 2012 is very near, and on this love day, all men and women share some romantic moments with their sweethearts. A celebration of such days is a symbol of life and love! Valentines day is always colorful and this year 2012, hopefully you will have the opportunity to wear something special in terms of outfits and fashion accessories.

Gear up to make this day stylish, special and memorable. On this day we will be sharing something special with our loved ones, we need to look especially attractive. Here are some secrets regarding how men and women can be trendy during Valentines Day 2012



These fashion tips are provided for your Valentine’s Day 2012; after applying these tips you can have a perfect and glamorous look. So get ready to make this valentine’s day amazing!

Pink is a classic color and looks stylish, feminine and sexy. Select sparkling colors for valentine’s day 2012. Red, pink, flowered, polka dotted and striped clothing in these particular colors are great options. As well you can find some fashion accessories such as heart shaped jewellry, large flower pins, heart shaped pouches/purses all in pink, red or coordinating white etc

Valentine’s Day 2012 Fashion Accessories

First of all focus all of your attention on selecting perfect colors. A lady’s taste is revealed mostly by her style.  Valentine’s Day dress is incomplete without a stylish matching hand bag, footwear, jewellry and accessories.  Select your hand bag to suit your outfit. Also, always carry a hand bag matching your height and physique

Valentine’s Day 2012 Make Up

Stylish and fashionable makeup is very important for Valentine’s day. Hot red or pink glossed lips with a softer pink blush and smokey eyes will make you even more beautiful in your lover’s eyes!

Having s proper facial before applying makeup is extremely important. Clean and glowing skin, stylish makeup along with a new hairdo compliments your style and beauty.


Today men’s fashion is as important as women’s. The above fashion tips are the same for men, with a few small changes such as: shoes, wrist watches and other small fashion accessories.

Hair is vital to men’s fashion and should be styled according to physique and face shapes.

Follow these simple tips to have your gorgeous personal and sparkling new look for Valentine’s Day 2012!

St Valentines Day: History

Every year, the fourteenth day of the month of February has millions across the world presenting their loved ones with candy, flowers, chocolates and other lovely gifts. In many countries, restaurants and eateries are seen to be filled with couples who are eager to celebrate their relationship and the joy of their togetherness through delicious cuisines. There hardly seems to be a young man or woman who is not keen to make the most of the day.

The reason behind all of this is a kindly cleric named Valentine who died more than a thousand years ago.

Saint ValentineIt is not exactly known why the 14th of February is known as Valentine’s Day or if the noble Valentine really had any relation to this day. The history of Valentine’s Day is impossible to be obtained from any archive and the veil of centuries gone by has made the origin behind this day more difficult to trace. It is only some legends that are our source for the history of Valentine’s Day.

The modern St. Valentine’s Day celebrations are said to have been derived from both ancient Christian and Roman tradition. As per one legend, the holiday has originated from the ancient Roman festival of Lupercalis/Lupercalia, a fertility celebration that used to observed annually on February 15. But the rise of Christianity in Europe saw many pagan holidays being renamed for and dedicated to the early Christian martyrs. Lupercalia was no exception. In 496 AD, Pope Gelasius turned Lupercalia into a Christian feast day and set its observance a day earlier, on February 14.

He proclaimed February 14 to be the feast day in honor of Saint Valentine, a Roman martyr who lived in the 3rd century. It is this St. Valentine whom the modern Valentine’s Day honors.

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, there were at least three early Christian saints by the name of Valentine. While one was a priest in Rome, another was a bishop in Terni. Nothing is known about the third St. Valentine except that he met his end in Africa. Surprisingly, all three of them were said to have been martyred on 14th February.

It is clear that Pope Gelasius intended to honor the first of these three aforementioned men. Most scholars believe that this St. Valentine was a priest who lived around 270 AD in Rome and attracted the disfavor of Roman emperor Claudius II who ruled during this time.

The story of St. Valentine has two different versions -Protestant and Catholic  Both versions agree upon Saint Valentine being a bishop who held secret marriage ceremonies of soldiers in opposition to Claudius II who had prohibited marriage for young men and was executed by the latter. During the lifetime of Valentine, the golden era of Roman empire had almost come to an end. Lack of quality administrators led to frequent civil strife. Education declined, taxation increased and trade witnessed a very bad time. The Roman empire faced crisis from all sides, from the Gauls, Slavs, Huns, Turks and Mongolians from Northern Europe and Asia. The empire had grown too large to be shielded from external aggression and internal chaos with existing forces. Naturally, more and more capable men were required to to be recruited as soldiers and officers to protect the nation from takeover. When Claudius became the emperor, he felt that married men were more emotionally attached to their families, and thus, will not make good soldiers. He believed that marriage made the men weak. So he issued an edict forbidding marriage to assure quality soldiers.

The ban on marriage was a great shock for the Romans. But they dared not voice their protest against the mighty emperor. The kindly bishop Valentine also realized the injustice of the decree. He saw the trauma of young lovers who gave up all hopes of being united in marriage. He planned to counter the monarch’s orders in secrecy. Whenever lovers thought of marrying, they went to Valentine who met them afterwards in a secret place, and joined them in the sacrament of matrimony. And thus he secretly performed many marriages for young lovers. But such things cannot remain hidden for long. It was only a matter of time before Claudius came to know of this “friend of lovers,” and had him arrested.

While awaiting his sentence in prison, Valentine was approached by his jailor, Asterius. It was said that Valentine had some saintly abilities and one of them granted him the power to heal people. Asterius had a blind daughter and knowing of the miraculous powers of Valentine he requested the latter to restore the sight of his blind daughter. The Catholic legend has it that Valentine did this through the vehicle of his strong faith, a phenomenon refuted by the Protestant version which agrees otherwise with the Catholic one. Whatever the fact, it appears that Valentine in some way did succeed to help Asterius’ blind daughter.

Claudius IIWhen Claudius II met Valentine, he was said to have been impressed by the dignity and conviction of the latter. However, Valentine refused to agree with the emperor regarding the ban on marriage. It is also said that the emperor tried to convert Valentine to the Roman gods but was unsuccesful in his efforts. Valentine refused to recognize Roman Gods and even attempted to convert the emperor, knowing the consequences fully. This angered Claudius II who gave the order of execution of Valentine.

Meanwhile, a deep friendship had been formed between Valentine and Asterius’ daughter. It caused great grief to the young girl to hear of his friend’s imminent death. It is said that just before his execution, Valentine asked for a pen and paper from his jailor, and signed a farewell message to her “From Your Valentine,” a phrase that lived ever after. As per another legend, Valentine fell in love with the daughter of his jailer during his imprisonment. However, this legend is not given much importance by historians. The most plausible story surrounding St. Valentine is one not centered on Eros (passionate love) but on agape (Christian love): he was martyred for refusing to renounce his religion. Valentine is believed to have been executed on February 14, 270 AD.

Thus 14th February became a day for all lovers and Valentine became its Patron Saint. It began to be annually observed by young Romans who offered handwritten greetings of affection, known as Valentines, on this day to the women they admired. With the coming of Christianity, the day came to be known as St. Valentine’s Day.

But it was only during the 14th century that St. Valentine’s Day became definitively associated with love. UCLA medieval scholar Henry Ansgar Kelly, author of “Chaucer and the Cult of Saint Valentine”, credits Chaucer as the one who first linked St. Valentine’s Day with romance. In medieval France and England it was believed that birds mated on February 14. Hence, Chaucer used the image of birds as the symbol of lovers in poems dedicated to the day. In Chaucer’s “The Parliament of Fowls,” the royal engagement, the mating season of birds, and St. Valentine’s Day are related:

“For this was on St. Valentine’s Day, When every fowl cometh there to choose his mate.”

By the Middle Ages, Valentine became as popular as to become one of the most popular saints in England and France. Despite attempts by the Christian church to sanctify the holiday, the association of Valentine’s Day with romance and courtship continued through the Middle Ages. The holiday evolved over the centuries. By the 18th century, gift-giving and exchanging hand-made cards on Valentine’s Day had become common in England. Hand-made valentine cards made of lace, ribbons, and featuring cupids and hearts began to be created on this day and handed over to the man or woman one loved. This tradition eventually spread to the American colonies. It was not until the 1840s that Valentine’s Day greeting cards began to be commercially produced in the U.S. The first American Valentine’s Day greeting cards were created by Esther A. Howlanda Mount Holyoke, a graduate and native of Worcester. Mass. Howland, known as the Mother of the Valentine, made elaborate creations with real lace, ribbons and colorful pictures known as “scrap”. It was when Howland began Valentine’s cards in a large scale that the tradition really caught on in the United States.

Today, Valentine’s Day is one of the major holidays in the U.S. and has become a booming commercial success. According to the Greeting Card Association, 25% of all cards sent each year are “valentine”s. The “valentines”, as Valentine’s Day cards are better known as, are often designed with hearts to symbolize love. The Valentine’s Day card spread with Christianity, and is now celebrated all over the world. One of the earliest valentines was sent in 1415 AD by Charles, Duke of Orleans, to his wife during his imprisonment in the Tower of London. The card is now preserved in the British Museum.

There may be doubts regarding the actual identity of Valentine, but we know that he really existed because archaeologists have recently unearthed a Roman catacomb and an ancient church dedicated to a Saint Valentine.